Overall Qualification Mismatch
This section provides an overview of both horizontal and vertical qualification mismatches in Malta for employed persons with a post-secondary level of education (ISCED 4) or higher. LFS results indicated that the majority of employed persons with this level of education (83.7 per cent) experienced one or both forms of qualification mismatch.
As depicted in Chart 1, 35.3 per cent of the employed population experienced both a vertical and horizontal mismatch. A further 36.1 per cent had level of education mismatch and 12.4 per cent experienced field of education mismatch.
Chart 1. Qualification mismatch by type of mismatch
Overall Qualification Mismatch by sex
Differences in the share of qualification mismatch were reported among males and females. Full qualification mismatch was slightly higher for females when compared to males (35.7 per cent and 34.9 per cent respectively). Meanwhile, males experienced a higher level of education and field of education mismatch, 1.4 and 0.9 percentage points higher than their female counterparts.
Chart 2. Qualification mismatch by type of mismatch and sex
Overall Qualification Mismatch by age
The share of employed persons whose qualification, in terms of level and field, did not match with their occupation increased with age. In fact, 32.7 per cent of the 15 to 34 age group, 36.5 per cent of the 35 to 54 age group and 40.2 per cent of the 55 years and over were working in a job that was not suitable both to their level of education and to the field they studied.
Vertical mismatch was more common among the 35 to 54 age group (39.1 per cent). However, the largest share of persons with a horizontal mismatch were 15 to 34 years old. The share was 3.1 percentage points higher when compared to the 35 to 54 age group.
Chart 3. Qualification mismatch by age group